Sponsoring a parent or grandparent
You can sponsor your parent or grandparent if you are a citizen or permanent resident of Canada and if you are 18 years of age or older.
To be a sponsor:
- You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits you to provide financial support for your relative if necessary. This agreement also states that the person becoming a permanent resident will make every effort to support themselves. Dependent children under age 19 do not have to sign this agreement. Quebec residents must sign an “undertaking” with the province of Quebec—a contract binding the sponsorship.
- You must promise to provide financial support for the relative and any other eligible relatives accompanying them for a period of three to ten years, depending on their age and relationship to you. This time period begins on the date they become a permanent resident.
You may not be eligible to sponsor your parent or grandparent if you:
- Failed to provide the financial support you agreed to when you signed a sponsorship agreement to sponsor another relative in the past
- Defaulted on a court-ordered support order, such as alimony or child support
- Received government financial assistance for reasons other than a disability
- Were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence—depending on circumstances, such as the nature of the offence, how long ago it occurred and whether a record suspension (formerly called “pardons” in Canada), was issued
- Defaulted on an immigration loan—late or missed payments
- Are in prison or
- Have declared bankruptcy and have not been released from it yet.
Sponsoring a spouse, a common-law or conjugal partner or depended children
To be a sponsor:
- You are a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada
- You are 18 or older:
- A citizen or a permanent resident of Canada can sponsor a spouse, a common-law or conjugal partner or dependent children to immigrate to Canada.
- If you sponsor a family member to immigrate to Canada, you must provide proof that you can.
- Meet basic needs—such as food, clothing, and shelter—for yourself and your family, support your relative financially
- Make sure your spouse or relative does not need to ask for financial help from the government.